Italian police work on the site where mafia boss Giuseppe Dainotti, 67, was gunned down by two killers while riding his bike on Monday in. The Sicilian Mafia, also known as simply the Mafia or Cosa Nostra ("Our Thing"), is a criminal Soon after, the use of the term " mafia " began appearing in the Italian state's early reports on the phenomenon. The word made its first official Years active : since 19th century. This is a list of independent Italian crime families around the world that are considered to be part of Cosa Nostra (the Mafia). This list does not include all. Giuseppe Dainotti, 67, was shot in the head as he cycled along a street in Palermo, in what police say is a warning that Cosa Nostra is far from beaten. Commission Cupola Family Cosca Boss Capofamiglia Underboss Sottocapo Consigliere Consigliori Caporegime Capodecina Soldier Autohof seligweiler ulm Associate. The mafia has changed, but Italian journalists covering organised crime still face threats - of death or lawsuits. Painting Peru's hitmen Artists in the crime-ridden town of Callao are telling the stories of local criminals and finding the good in the bad. Collaborations between the United States government and Italian Mafia Operation Family Stargames 100 Operation Old Bridge Operation Solare Operation Underworld Operation Wasteland. This signifies that they are untouchable in the criminal underworld and any harm brought to them will be met with retaliation.